Updated in 4/2/2015 11:31:08 PM      Viewed: 231 times      (Journal Article)
The Australian Journal of Rural Health 16 (6): 338-342 (2008)

Cervical cancer risk factors and predictors of cervical dysplasia among women in south-west Nigeria

T. Ogunbowale , T. O. Lawoyin
AIM: This study identified predictors of cervical dysplasia and assessed the prevalence of risk factors for cervical cancer among women of different socioeconomic classes in Ogun State, Nigeria. METHOD: In a two-phase study, self-reported information on cervical cancer awareness, risk factors and cervical cancer screening practices was obtained from 278 randomly selected working women. A random subset was screened for dysplasia using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: Of the 278 women, 126 (45.3%) were semi-skilled while 152 (54.7%) were skilled and professional workers. Median age at first sexual intercourse was 19 years (range 13-29) and lower than the median age at first marriage (25 years). Gonorrhoea and genital warts were the commonest reported sexually transmitted infections. Only 12.2% of the women used male condoms as their primary method of birth control and 4.7% of the women had ever had a Papanicolaou smear, a practice that was significantly higher among the professional/skilled compared with semi-skilled workers (P = 0.031). Of the 125 screened, 20 (16%) had positive VIA. Young age at first sex ( 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Acceptable screening services and cervical cancer awareness campaigns that address modifiable risk factors are urgently needed in this community.
ISSN: 1440-1584; 1038-5282     
ID: 23331; LR: 20131121; JID: 9305903; ppublish; M1: Journal Article

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