Updated in 1/21/2015 7:05:26 AM      Viewed: 408 times      (Journal Article)
AVSC news (Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception (U.S.)) 34 (3): 2 (1996)

Preventing cervical cancer

A. Jain , M. Barone
PIP: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in the developing world. Approximately 80% of the 500,000 cases of cervical cancer diagnosed annually are in developing countries. Most, if not all cases, are caused by the sexual transmission of human papilloma virus. When detected early, however, the mild to moderate lesions of cervical cancer can be readily treated. The early cellular changes leading to cervical cancer are detected in the more developed countries using a Papanicolaou (Pap) smear and the condition is subsequently treated. Resource constraints and other factors cause cervical cancer in developing countries to often be diagnosed at an advanced and untreatable stage. AVSC International, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, the University of Cape Town, the National Cancer Association of South Africa, and the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health have collaborated to study the potential utility of several methods to screen for the presence of cervical cancer in resource-poor settings. 3000 previously unscreened women aged 35 years and older are expected to be enrolled by July 1997 in the Cape Town, South Africa study. Study results should lead to the development of a series of cervical cancer screening protocols for use at sites with different levels of resources.
ID: 24270; LR: 20051117; JID: 9114467; OID: PIP: 117930; OID: POP: 00260533; OTO: PIP; GN: PIP: TJ: AVSC NEWS; ppublish; M1: Journal Article