Updated in 1/9/2009 11:57:49 AM      Viewed: 269 times      (Journal Article)
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 79 (2-3): 271-7 (1983)

Nicotine does not improve discrimination of brain stimulation reward by rats

P B Clarke , R Kumar
ABSTRACT
Rats were trained to shuttle between two selected ("ON") arms of a Y maze, to obtain electrical stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle. Each shuttle response was rewarded with a brief pulse train. Repetitive entries into the same "ON" arm were not rewarded, nor were entries made into the third ("OFF") arm. Every 67s, stimulation was made available from a different pair of arms. Test sessions lasted for 80 min, beginning immediately after SC injection. Undrugged subjects responded faster, and with a greater proportion of rewarded responses, the higher the stimulation current. In non-tolerant rats, nicotine (0-0.4 mg/kg) depressed responding and induced ataxia shortly after injection; from 40 min, nicotine increased low rates of responding but decreased high rates. All these effects were dose-dependent. Mecamylamine (2.0 mg/kg) prevented the initial depressant action. With repeated daily injections of nicotine (0.4 mg/kg), a marked stimulant action emerged which replaced the initial depressant action, and this was dose-dependent. However, responding was increased by nicotine even when brain stimulation was not available ("time-out"). In contrast, an additional "rate-free" index based on discrimination showed that nicotine did not augment the rewarding properties of the brain stimulation.
Notes
Nicotine does not improve discrimination of brain stimulation reward by rats640543883195563 0033-3158 Journal Article