Updated in 11/11/2008 4:23:36 PM      Viewed: 86 times      (Journal Article)
International orthopaedics (2007)

The role of plating in the operative treatment of severe open tibial fractures: a systematic review.

Peter V Giannoudis , Costas Papakostidis , George Kouvidis , Nikolaos K Kanakaris
Open fractures of the tibial diaphysis are the result of high-energy trauma. They are usually associated with extensive soft tissue loss and represent serious clinical problems. Surgical treatment of these injuries has been associated with substantial complications such as osteomyelitis, delayed bone healing, poor functional outcome, soft-tissue failure, or even amputations. More recently a staged treatment, with initial application of spanning external fixators followed by definitive fixation at secondary phase, has been advocated. Plating of these fractures in the acute setting remains a topic of heated discussion. A systematic review of the literature was carried out in order to investigate the existing evidence concerning the efficacy and safety of this method of osteosynthesis. Eleven papers met the inclusion criteria, accumulating 492 open tibial fractures treated with plating. The overall union rate ranged from 62-95% across all studies, with time to union ranging from 13-42 weeks. The reoperation rate ranged from 8-69% and a pooled estimate of deep infection rate was calculated at 11%. Plate fixation for the treatment of open tibial fractures can be considered under specific conditions which need to be elicited and clarified with future well-designed and conducted clinical trials.
DOI: 10.1007/s00264-007-0443-5      ISSN: 0341-2695