Updated in 1/6/2010 7:25:59 AM      Viewed: 125 times      (Journal Article)
Bioinformatics. 24 (5): 621-628 (2008)

Beyond the 'best' match: machine learning annotation of protein sequences by integration of different sources of information

IV Tetko , IV Rodchenkov , MC Walter , T Rattei , HW Mewes
MOTIVATION: Accurate automatic assignment of protein functions remains a challenge for genome annotation. We have developed and compared the automatic annotation of four bacterial genomes employing a 5-fold cross-validation procedure and several machine learning methods. RESULTS: The analyzed genomes were manually annotated with FunCat categories in MIPS providing a gold standard. Features describing a pair of sequences rather than each sequence alone were used. The descriptors were derived from sequence alignment scores, InterPro domains, synteny information, sequence length and calculated protein properties. Following training we scored all pairs from the validation sets, selected a pair with the highest predicted score and annotated the target protein with functional categories of the prototype protein. The data integration using machine-learning methods provided significantly higher annotation accuracy compared to the use of individual descriptors alone. The neural network approach showed the best performance. The descriptors derived from the InterPro domains and sequence similarity provided the highest contribution to the method performance. The predicted annotation scores allow differentiation of reliable versus non-reliable annotations. The developed approach was applied to annotate the protein sequences from 180 complete bacterial genomes. AVAILABILITY: The FUNcat Annotation Tool (FUNAT) is available on-line as Web Services at http://mips.gsf.de/proj/funat
DA - 20080229
IS - 1460-2059 (Electronic)
LA - eng
PT - Journal Article
PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
RN - 0 (Bacterial Proteins)