Updated in 4/10/2010 11:49:49 PM      Viewed: 126 times      (Journal Article)
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 33 (9): 840-2 (2005)

[Fluid shear stress regulates secretion of tissue-type plasminogen activator in human endothelial progenitor cells]

Zhen Yang , Jun Tao , Chang Tu , Ming-guo Xu , Yan Wang , Jie-mei Wang , Shi-rong Pan
OBJECTIVE: In order to investigate the role of shear stress in the regulation of endothelial function, we assessed here effects of shear stress on tissue-type plasminogen activator in human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). METHODS: The peripheral blood mononuclear cells were separated from healthy adult and inducted into EPCs, which were identified by double staining for the fluorescent labeled acetylated-LDL and lectin. EPCs were seeded on the small diameter artificial vessels, and then divided into four different experimental groups including stationary group, low-flow shear stress group (5 dyn/cm(2)), medium-flow shear stress group (15 dyn/cm(2)) and high-flow shear stress group (25 dyn/cm(2)). The levels of t-PA in EPC culture medium at 0 hour, 5 hours, 10 hours, 15 hours, 20 hours and 25 hours after culture were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The peripheral blood mononuclear cells differentiated into EPCs after induction, which were positively labeled by fluorescent acetylated-LDL and lectin. Shear stress enhanced production of the t-PA by EPCs, which was paralleled to levels and times of shear stress. CONCLUSIONS: Shear stress increases t-PA secretion by human EPCs, suggesting that shear stress not only regulates vascular endothelial function but also participates in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis.
ISSN: 0253-3758