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Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 28 (10): 1355-9 (2010)
Precise landmarking in computer assisted total knee arthroplasty is critical to final alignment.
Yaron S Brin , Isaac Livshetz , John Antoniou , Sari Greenberg-Dotan , David J Zukor
Image-free computer navigation systems build a frame of reference of a patient's knee from anatomical landmarks entered by the surgeon during the initial stage of total knee arthroplasty. We performed tibial cuts on 70 sawbones using computer navigation. All landmarks were marked identically except for the tibial mechanical entry point, which was marked correctly in 10 bones and with offsets of 5, 10, and 15 mm medially and laterally in the others. The actual coronal angle of the tibial cuts was measured directly and compared to the final angle given by the navigation system. Significant deviations of the coronal angle were observed in the trial groups. Landmarking errors during navigated TKA can lead to inaccurate tibial bone cuts. This navigation system did not have an iterative software method to verify landmarking errors that can lead to inaccurate tibia bone cuts.