Updated in 6/11/2015 11:06:12 PM      Viewed: 184 times      (Journal Article)
18 (2): 244-255 (2015)

Reducing the carbon footprint of spectator and team travel at the University of British Columbia's varsity sports events

Matt Dolf , Paul Teehan
ABSTRACT
Abstract The carbon footprint of spectator and team travel was analyzed at small-scale varsity sports events held at the University of British Columbia. Sport management literature suggests a need for quantitative environmental impact studies of events, in particular to seek out transport footprint reduction opportunities. This study applies a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)-based approach to increase methodological rigour and transparency. We analyze travel patterns of spectators and teams and put forward several scenarios for impact reduction. Results show that UBC spectators had a smaller footprint than teams on a per person basis but a larger overall carbon footprint. Although only 4% of the spectators travelled by air, this constituted 52% of total spectator impact. We find the biggest opportunities for footprint reductions by spectators and teams alike are strategies that (a) reduce long-distance air travel, (b) increase vehicle occupancy rates, and (c) encourage low-emission travel mode choices.
ISSN: 1441-3523     
Notes
       在英国哥伦比亚大学举行的小范围学生体育赛事中,对观众个体和团队出行方式产生的碳足迹进行分析。《运动管理文学》建议需要对此进行量化的环境影响研究,尤其是找出能减少足迹运输的机会。这个研究运用了生命周期评估法——这个基本的研究方法可以增加方法论的严格性和透明度。我们分析个体和团队的出行方式,并提出几个可以影响减少碳足迹的方法。结果显示UBC的个体足迹比团队人均足迹少,但个人的总体碳足迹却更大。尽管只有4%的观众出行方式是乘坐飞机,但占了总体影响的52%。我们发现能最大限度的减少碳足迹排放量,就是在长距离旅行中减少乘坐飞机的次数,增加乘车出行比率,鼓励选择低排放的交通工具。