Updated in 5/3/2008 4:31:54 PM      Viewed: 202 times      (Journal Article)
The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 84 (5): 199-202 (1981)

Snake venom antibodies in Ecuadorian Indians.

R D Theakston , H A Reid , J W Larrick , J Kaplan , J A Yost
Serum samples from 223 Waorani Indians, a tribe in eastern Ecuador, were investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibodies to snake venom. Seventy-eight per cent were positive, confirming the highest incidence and mortality from snake bite poisoning yet recorded in the world. Most samples were positive for more than one venom antibody. Antibodies were found to venoms of Bothrops viper in 60% of positive cases, of Micrurus coral snake in 21%, and of the bushmaster, Lachesis muta, in 18%. Further studies are needed to determine whether high venom-antibody levels afford protection against further snake envenoming.
ISSN: 0022-5304