|Updated in 12/5/2011 4:18:41 PM ||Viewed: 75 times ||(Journal Article) |
British journal of pharmacology 158 (1): 209-24 (2009)
The alpha(1B/D)-adrenoceptor knockout mouse permits isolation of the vascular alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor and elucidates its relationship to the other subtypes.
L Methven , M McBride , G A Wallace , J C McGrath
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mesenteric and carotid arteries from the alpha(1B/D)-adrenoceptor knockout (alpha(1B/D)-KO) were employed to isolate alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor pharmacology and location and to reveal these features in the wild-type (WT) mouse. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Functional pharmacology by wire myography and receptor localization by confocal microscopy, using the fluorescent alpha(1)-adrenoceptor ligand BODIPY FL-Prazosin (QAPB), on mesenteric (an 'alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor' tissue) and carotid (an 'alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor' tissue) arteries. KEY RESULTS: Alpha(1B/D)-KO mesenteric arteries showed straightforward alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor agonist/antagonist pharmacology. WT had complex pharmacology with alpha(1A)- and alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor components. alpha(1B/D)-KO had a larger alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor response suggesting compensatory up-regulation: no increase in fluorescent ligand binding suggests up-regulation of signalling. alpha(1B/D)-KO carotid arteries had low efficacy alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor responses. WT had complex pharmacology consistent with co-activation of all three subtypes. Fluorescent binding had straightforward alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor characteristics in both arteries of alpha(1B/D)-KO. Fluorescent binding varied between cells in relative intracellular and surface distribution. Total fluorescence was reduced in the alpha(1B/D)-KO due to fewer smooth muscle cells showing fluorescent binding. WT binding was greater and sensitive to alpha(1A)- and alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor antagonists. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The straightforward pharmacology and fluorescent binding in the alpha(1B/D)-KO was used to interpret the properties of the alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor in the WT. Reduced total fluorescence in alpha(1B/D)-KO arteries, despite a clear difference in the functionally dominant subtype, indicates that measurement of receptor protein is unlikely to correlate with function. Fewer cells bound QAPB in the alpha(1B/D)-KO suggesting different cellular phenotypes of alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor exist. The alpha(1B/D)-KO provides robust assays for the alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor and takes us closer to understanding multi-receptor subtype interactions.